What Are the Options on Cervical Cancer Treatment?

The cervix is the lower, narrow end of the uterus that leads to the vagina or birth canal. Like many organs in the body, the cervix can develop cancer. Cervical cancer usually develops very slowly over time. Before cancer appears in the cervix, dysphasia happens. Dysphasia is where the cells of the cervix go through changes and the cells that are not normal appear in the cervical tissue. When this happens, cancer starts to spread around the cervix and to other surrounding areas. Since the cervix is an important organ in the female body, it is important for us to know what are the options available on cervical cancer treatment.

Cervical cancer is often treated by a hysterectomy where the entire uterus and part of the vagina is removed surgically. If the cancer in the cervix is at an advanced stages, lymph nodes may also need to be removed. However, since many patients want to remain fertile, other more gentle cervical cancer treatment methods need to be considered. One of such gentle treatment is the loop electrosurgical excision procedure or LEEP.

There are many advantages to a LEEP, which include low cost, a high success rate, ease of use and often only requires the use of a local anesthetic. Another such surgical procedure is the cone biopsy. In a cone biopsy, only a cone shapes sample is removed from the mucous membrane. Radiation therapy is given as external beam radiotherapy to the pelvis and internally as brachytherapy. However if the cone biopsy does not produce much positive results, there is another procedure called a trachelectomy. With a trachelectomy, the doctors will try to remove only the cancer while keeping the uterus and ovaries intact. This treatment option is particularly ideal in condition whereby the cervical cancer has not spread to other areas inside the uterus. The limitation with this treatment method is that there are only a few specialists available who are qualified and skilled enough to perform this delicate procedure. Radiation therapy is another treatment option. Radiation therapy is administered as external beam radiotherapy to the pelvis and internally as brachytherapy. However, when dealing with cervical cancer, the biggest issue besides survival is the ability to have children in the future.

It is important to explore all the treatment options available for cervical cancer and to discuss with your doctor, friends, family and husband on the best cancer treatment for you. Do get a second expert’s opinion before proceeding with any cervical cancer treatment involving surgery.

Get to Know Cervical Cancer Symptoms and Treatment

Do you know that “Cervical cancer” is one of the most silent and most dangerous diseases that may encounter by women? It is because of the unnoticeable symptoms that is just mimicking to the other ailments. Many women just ignore the symptoms for they have know that it is just a simple ovulation pain, but there is a big risk, cancer will just directly appear if it is complex. Cervical cancer does not usually show it’s symptoms until the cancer is advanced and has spread out. These are the possible symptoms of the cervical cancer that a woman may notice:

Abnormal bleeding: there is abnormal bleeding of vagina and during the month the bleeding can be heavy or light. And the changes of vaginal bleeding can be noted that it is one of the signs of cervical cancer.

Unusual heavy discharge: the boost of vaginal discharge is one of the symptoms of this cancer. There is a foul smell of it and it contains watery and very thick mucus that is not normal and can be observed directly.

Pelvic pain: it is not interrelated to the normal cycle of menstrual that there could be a mild or severe pain that a woman may suffer. In which the pain that a woman suffers is so painful, from dull ache to sharp pain, and can be more dangerous if it is not associated with your menstrual period.

Pain during Urination: it is the bladder infection in which, there is pain during urination or bladder pain and could be more risky if the cancer is spreading out in the bladder.

Bleeding between regular menstrual periods, after sexual intercourse, from douching or pelvic exam: The irritation of the cervix and the bleeding will occur directly after doing sex and will also occur during douching. In menstrual periods which could cause severe cervical infection that would cause this cancer.

Cervical cancer starts on the surface of the cervix which is in the cells and there are two types of cells in the surface of the cervix: the columnar and the squamos. Most of the occurrences of cervical cancer are in the squamos cells. The cervical cancer usually develops very slowly and starts with “dysplasia” which is the precancerous condition. Dysplasia can be detected easily by a Pap smear and is 100% proven treatable. The undetected precancerous condition would develop into a cancer and may spread to the bladder, lungs, liver, and intestines.

Cervical cancer is almost caused by HPV (human papilloma virus). It is an ordinary virus that is widely spread through sexual intercourse. These are caused by having sex at an early age, having multiple sexual partners that participate in high-risk sexual activities and having weak immune system and poor economic status.

The cervical cancer can be cured by devastating and taking away the precancerous tissue. There many ways of surgeries without removing the uterus or damaging the cervix in order to still have children for the future.

Surgery types of early cervical cancer:

Laser therapy – it is the use of light to burn abnormal tissue.

LEEP (loop electrosurgical excision procedure) – it is the use of electricity in order to remove abnormal tissue.

Cryotherapy – it will freeze the abnormal cells.

Surgery types for advanced cervical cancer:

Hysterectomy – the removal of the uterus but will not get the ovaries and may be done by women that who have repeatedly undergo to LEEP procedures.

Radiation therapy – it is to treat cancer that has spread out into the pelvis, or cancer that have returned. It is either external or internal.

Chemotherapy – the use of drugs for exterminating cancer.

Treatment for Ovarian Cysts – Say Goodbye to Ovary Pain For Good

What Are Ovarian Cysts?

Ovarian cysts are a very painful type of growth that occur on the ovaries, which are located in the pelvis in women. Most women have two ovaries, and cysts can be susceptible to grow on either of them. The ovaries themselves, when normal, are about the size of an almond. However, when a cyst grows on one, it is essentially engulfed by a liquid or gaseous sac that can cause widespread pain and irritation.

How to Ovarian Cysts Occur?

There is no one exact reason as to why these occur, but there are several different possibilities that you will need to explore with your doctor if it turns out that you have cysts.

One of the most common issues that lead to the growth of cysts occurs during the menstrual cycle. Once an egg is released from the ovary and it is not fertilized, it should break down and disappear. However, if it does not, it can fill with fluid or blood from the body and attach to the ovary as a cyst.

Another common situation where this occurs is in women with endometriosis, which is a condition where cells grow outside of the uterus and on the ovaries, instead of inside the uterus.

What Are Symptoms to Look Out For?

Unfortunately, aside from having a pelvic exam done, cysts are not usually discovered until they rupture, bleed, or grow to the point that they cause extreme and ongoing pain in the stomach or pelvic area. Another common symptom that could be a sign of an ovarian cyst is having constant bloating and digestion problems, problems with bowel movements, or even experiencing pain while having sex.

If you have been experiencing any of these symptoms, it is vital to see a doctor as soon as possible, as that is the only way to have the cysts officially diagnosed and treated.

How Are Ovarian Cysts Treated?

Depending on the size and severity of the cysts, the doctor can decide on different treatment options. For those that could potentially be cancerous, the cyst will be removed and tested. This is done through a procedure known as a laparoscopy or laparotomy. This procedure may also be done in cases where the cyst is causing severe pain to the point where the patient is having trouble functioning on a regular basis.

In many cases, however, they will disappear naturally over the course of several months. This can be a relief for women who have cysts but do not want to have to get them surgically removed and have been cleared by their doctors. However, for women who suffer from these cysts frequently, simply waiting for them to go away on their own is not always so easy.

In some cases, the pain may be debilitating, but many doctors will avoid surgically removing it at all costs. This can be a pain for busy women who do not have the time or patience to deal with the pain of their cysts, which can prevent them from doing things that they need to do. Luckily, for these cases, there are also three-step treatment programs out there that can help to clear them up in a matter of months and can even keep them from coming back in the future.

Still, the first step is to have the severity of the cysts determined by a doctor before making the decision on a specific treatment option. From there, you and your doctor can make the best choice to get rid of your cysts and get your life back to normal.