Cervical cancer is a malignant tumor that is formed in the cervix- a female’s reproductive organ which connects the uterus and vagina. Usually, it is considered as a slow-growing tumor that may not have signs and symptoms at first but can be detected by regularly having Pap Tests, a procedure in which cells are scraped from the cervix and viewed under a microscope. It is mainly caused by a virus known as human papillomavirus or HPV and it can be of two types.
- The squamous cell carcinoma which arises in the squamous epithelial cells that line in the cervix.
- Adenocarcinoma which arises in the glandular epithelial cells.
Cervical Cancer Facts:
There are certainties about this type of cancer.
- It is one of the most preventable of all types of cancer.
- Getting a cervical smear test every three years is a woman’s best way of protection. There is also a vaccine available, ask your doctor about it.
- It cases are caused by the Human Papillomavirus.
- It is said that about 90 percent of all cancer of the cervix cases are caused by human papillomavirus or HPV which is a common sexually transmitted infection that almost all people can acquire at some point in their existence.
- Only a persistent infection caused by four kinds of HPV if left untreated turns into cervical cancer.
- There are numerous of HPV types but only a persistent infection triggered by four kinds of HPV is to turn into cancer of the cervix if the infection is left untreated.
- There are several symptoms of this type of cancer.
- Symptoms include bleeding or spotting between and after menstrual periods and after sexual intercourse, persistent pain in the pelvis and pain during intercourse and vaginal discharge that changes color, may be heavy, and with a filthy odor.
- Treatment depends on the stage of the cancer.
- Treatments depend on the stage of the cancer. This may include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.